Granite Countertops Denver, Marble Tec Fabrication - Turning Stone Into Works of Art.

Stone and Finish Types

There are many stone types available to our customers and each have their own look and functionality.  Even within the families identified below, the looks can be distinctly different depending on the type of finish specified.

Granite

Granite is a course grained crystalline igneous rock comprised primarily of quartz  It is formed from the hot fluid magma that moves within the earth’s crust. Magma that cools slowly, under extreme pressure, produces large crystal granites. Magma that cools rapidly, under extreme pressure, produces small crystal granites.  This gives it a hardness in nature second only to diamonds; making it the best choice for any work surface in your home.

Granite is quarried around the world in large blocks and cut into dimensional stone (2cm & 3cm slabs) and shipped to local suppliers in Denver where our customers choose the slabs that will be fabricated into their counter tops.

Granite is:

  • Available in most colors with patterns that entail natural art
  • Chip and scratch resistant
  • Heat Resistant
  • Stain resistant
  • Mold, mildew and bacteria resistant with proper sealing and care

Granite can vary in porosity somewhat, but tends to polish up very well.  Granite has wide variations in price depending on color, demand, transportation costs, mining difficulty and so forth.  Generally, the blues and greens are more expensive colors.

Marble

It is a natural stone formed from fossil sediment deposits, which have been placed under the earth's tremendous pressure for at least a few million years. The combination of the natural materials in these deposits, along with natural geologic events, produces unique veining with a richness of depth and intensity. Marble material is generally softer than granite, therefore scratching occurs more so on marble. This characteristic should be considered when making your stone selection. Generally, marble countertops are recommended for such places as: bathrooms, bar tops, fireplaces, etc; and granite countertops are generally utilized for kitchen countertops.  If desired, Marble can be used for any countertop as long as the homeowner is careful to avoid letting spills stay without cleaning over a period of time.

Marble is available in a multitude of colors from light to dark, and generally boasts beautiful flowing veins. This unequalled beauty makes marble a natural choice for countertops, bath vanities, wall and floor tiles or slabs, and tub and fireplace surrounds.

Commercially, the term "marble" applies to any compact limestone that will take a polish, which includes most of the colored marbles, except some of the greens.

Limestone
Limestone is sedimentary rock consisting mostly of organic material such as skeletons and shells of marine creatures and sediments. It is formed by material which settles to the bottom of bodies of water, and over millions of years, solidifies (lithifies) into solid rock.   It is a great material for bathrooms and fireplace surrounds because of the warm, rich look it provides.
Travertine
Travertine is generally used for floors, walls, countertops and for outside as cladding and pavement. In its original form, travertine has many holes and voids that are generally filled with grout and then honed or polished, which produces a uniform surface more like other marbles. Unfilled travertine is also quite beautiful, and is often seen as exterior surfaces of buildings. Travertine stones result from hot spring water penetrating up through underground limestone. After water evaporates, it leaves layers of dissolved limestone and other minerals, giving it its banded appearance. Travertine stones are generally light-colored beiges and tans.
Engineered Stone (Ceasarstone, Zodiaq, Cambria, Silestone, etc.)
Engineered stone is a quartz-composite product mixed with colored pebbles, polymers, and epoxy. It has a uniform pattern and more color options than natural stone.  Engineered stone is an extremely durable product that takes the heat and resists stains.  It works well in commercial installations because it has a wide variety of colors, is more uniform in it’s colors and styles and is stain resistant.  Typically, engineered stone is as costly as mid priced granite.
Slate
The lively colors and unique texture make slates appropriate for interior as well as exterior applications. Slate is formed of compressed layers of sediments formed under ocean. Since it is formed in layers, it can easily be split to expose beautifully textured surfaces. The usual colors of slates are earthy browns, beiges, yellows, black, dark-grays, and greenish-gray, pinks, purples and copper are also found. They usually exhibit lot of variations even in the same quarry. Slates are typically used for flooring, cladding and landscaping.  Only occasionally, under the right circumstances should slate be used for counters.
Onyx
Onyx, like Travertine, is the result of water dissolving existing limestone and re-depositing it as a new kind of stone, sometimes called sinter. In limestone caves, onyx is formed by drip water, as stalagmites and stalactites. Onyx is a very soft and somewhat brittle stone, and needs to be installed where it will not be subject to hard wear. This beautiful stone is characterized by its translucence, and can actually be backlit for striking, dramatic effects.
Soapstone
The rock Steatite, also called soapstone, is the material used for countertops, sinks, masonry heaters, flooring, and many other architectural applications.  This rock is composed of several minerals but the most abundant is Talc.  This natural quarried stone is softer than most other natural stones and although soft, soapstone is a very dense (non porous) stone. Many people wrongly associate softness with porosity, soapstone is denser than marble, slate, limestone and even granite. Because soapstone is so dense, it will not stain easily. If anything is spilled on the stone, it tends to stay on the surface and will not penetrate the stone easily.  Soapstone typically comes in dark green, blue and grey.  The material is further darkened by applying mineral oil occasionally.  It gives an incredible look to houses that are designed with a specific country or "period" look, but can also beautify any room with a dark, rich color.

Finishes 
Polishing
A polished granite or marble finish is somewhat the norm today.  It provides a high degree of reflection, much like glass, and provides that "extra dimensional" surface that really enhances a surface and separates it from the old days of tile and plastic.  The edges provide another surface that allows for the user to see light reflected in an appealing manner.
Honing
Honing is simply a less polished surface that is also called a "matte" finish.  It is sometimes used on darker granite to avoid the issues associated with fingerprints or counters that do not get frequent cleaning. Honed surfaces on marble are common, especially in Europe, where a more traditional and aged look are valued.
Leathering/Antique
Leathering or Antiqued is a common process where the stone is brushed and then polished.  The wire brushing slightly removes some parts of the stone surface leaving a raised or very slightly uneven surface that is then polished.  The effect is somewhat different for each stone type but the result is a surface that is both durable and resistant to "fingerprint" reflection issues.

Marble Tec Fabrication
11771 West 49th Avenue, Wheat Ridge, Colorado 80033 / ph: 303-431-6850 / fx: 303-431-6856

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